Salivary glands

Overview

 

Salivary gland tumors area unit rare kinds of tumors that begin within the salivary glands.

Salivary gland tumors will begin in any of the salivary glands in your mouth, neck or throat.

Salivary glands build spit, which aids in digestion, keeps your mouth moist and supports healthy teeth.

You have 3 pairs of major secretion glands beneath and behind your jaw — salivary gland, sublingual and submandibular.

Many alternative little salivary glands are in your lips, inside your cheeks, and throughout your mouth and throat.

The major secretion glands are on either side of the face and below the tongue. Several necessary nerves and alternative structures run through or close to salivary glands and may be full of salivary tumors.

 

 

 

Symptoms

 

A lump or swelling in  mouth, cheek, jaw, or neck

Pain in  mouth, cheek, jaw, ear, or neck

A distinction between the dimensions and/or form of the left and right sides of your face or neck

Numbness in part of your face

Weakness of the muscles on one aspect of your face

Trouble opening your mouth widely

Fluid draining from an ear

Trouble swallowing

Medicine

Skin cancer

Overview

 

Skin cancer is that the most typical kind of cancer. Skin cancer is commonest among people that work or play sports outside and among sunbathers.

Fair-skinned folks are particularly at risk of developing most styles of skin cancer as a result of they turn out less melanin.

Melanin, the protecting pigment within the outer layer of skin (epidermis), helps shield the skin from ultraviolet (UV) light-weight.

However, skin cancer can also develop in dark-skinned human and in human whose skin has not had vital sun exposure.

 

Three types of skin cancer

 

  • basal cell carcinoma
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • melanoma

 

Symptoms

 

  • any new moles or growths
  • moles or growths that have grown
  • moles or growths that have modified considerably in differently
  • lesions that change, itch, bleed or have not healed

 

 

Medicine

Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer

 

Stomach cancer usually begins within the mucus-producing cells that line the stomach. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma.

For the past many decades, rates of cancer within the main a part of the stomach (stomach body) are falling worldwide.

During a similar time, cancer within the space wherever the highest a part of the stomach (cardia) meets the lower finish of the swallowing tube (esophagus) has become way more common.

This space of the stomach is named the gastroesophageal junction.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Poor appetite
  • Weight loss (without trying)
  • Abdominal (belly) pain
  • Vague discomfort within the abdomen, typically on top of the navel
  • A sense of fullness within the higher abdomen when ingestion alittle meal
  • Heartburn or indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting, with or without blood
  • Swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen
  • Blood in the stool
  • Low red blood cell count (anemia)

 

 

Medicine

Testicular cancer

Overview

 

Testicular cancer happens in the testicles (testes), that ar placed within the scrotum, a loose bag of skin beneath the phallus.

The testicles turn out male sex hormones and sperm for replica.Compared with different forms of cancer, testicular cancer is rare.

But testicular cancer is that the most typical cancer in american males between the ages of fifteen and thirty five.

Testicular cancer is very treatable, even once cancer has unfold on the far side the sex gland.

Depending on the sort and stage of testicular cancer, you'll receive one among many treatments, or a mixture.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Testicular lumps
  • Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort during a testicle or the pocket
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • Back pain

 

 

Medicine

Throat cancer

Overview

 

Throat cancer refers to cancerous tumors that develop in your throat (pharynx), larynx (larynx) or tonsils. Your throat may be a muscular tube that begins behind your nose and ends in your neck.

Throat cancer most frequently begins within the flat cells that line the within of your throat. Your vocal organ sits just under your throat and is also at risk of throat cancer.

The speech organ is formed of cartilage and contains the vocal cords that vibrate to create sound once you speak.

 

Symptoms

 

  • A cough
  • Changes in your voice, like harshness or not speaking clearly
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Ear pain
  • A lump or sore that doesn't heal
  • A sore throat
  • Weight loss

 

 

Medicine

Thyroid cancer

Overview

 

Thyroid cancer happens within the cells of the thyroid — a butterfly-shaped gland placed at the bottom of your neck, just under your Adam's apple.

Your thyroid produces hormones that regulate your rate, pressure, temperature and weight.

Although thyroid cancer is not common within the us, rates appear to be increasing.

Doctors suppose this can be as a result of new technology is permitting them to seek out little thyroid cancers that will not are found within the past.

 

Symptoms

 

  • A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly
  • Swelling in the neck
  • Pain within the front of the neck, typically rising to the ears
  • Hoarseness or different voice changes that don't depart
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Trouble breathing
  • A constant cough that is not due to a cold

 

 

Medicine

Vocal cord

Overview

 

Vocal cord paralysis happens once the nerve impulses to your vocal organ (larynx) ar disrupted. This ends up in paralysis of the vocal fold muscles.

Vocal cord paralysis will have an effect on your ability to talk and even breathe. That's as a result of your vocal cords, typically known as vocal folds, do quite simply produce sound.

They also defend your airway by preventing food, drink and even your spit from entering your windpipe (trachea) and inflicting you to choke.

 

Symptoms

 

  • A breathy quality to the voice
  • Hoarseness
  • Noisy breathing
  • Loss of vocal pitch
  • Choking or coughing whereas swallowing food, drink or spit
  • The need to take frequent breaths while speaking
  • Inability to speak loudly
  • Loss of your gag reflex
  • Ineffective coughing
  • Frequent throat clearing

Medicine

keyboard_arrow_up