Arrhythmias

Overview

(heart arrhythmias) occur once the electrical impulses that coordinate your heartbeats do not work properly, inflicting your heart to beat too quick, too slow or irregularly.

Heart arrhythmias could desire a flap or athletics heart and will be harmless.

Heart heart condition treatment will usually management or eliminate quick, slow or irregular heartbeats.

In addition, as a result of difficult heart arrhythmias ar usually created worse — or ar even caused — by a weak or broken heart, you will be able to reduce your arrhythmia risk by adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle.

 

Symptoms

  • Noticeable arrhythmia symptoms may include:
  • A fluttering in your chest
  • A racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • A slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Light-headedness or dizziness
  • Sweating
  • Fainting (syncope) or near fainting

 

 


Congenital heart disease-

Overview

Congenital heart condition (congenital heart defect) is one or a lot of abnormalities in your heart's structure that you are born with.

This commonest of birth defects will alter the means blood flows through your heart. Defects vary from easy, which could cause no issues, to complex, which may cause serious complications.

Advances in diagnosis and treatment mean most babies who once died of inborn heart disease survive well into adulthood.

However, signs and symptoms of the condition will occur in adults later in life, even people who had treatment as a baby.

If you have got inborn heart disease you would possibly want care throughout your life. Check with your doctor to work out however usually you must be seen as an adult.

 

Symptoms

  • Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)
  • A blue-black tint to the skin, lips and fingernails (cyanosis)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tiring quickly upon exertion
  • Swelling of body tissue or organs (edema)
  • feeding difficulties
  • low birth weight
  • chest pain

 

 


Coronary artery disease

Overview

Coronary artery sickness (CAD) reduces the flow of blood to your heart.

It happens once the arteries that offer blood to your heart muscle become narrowed and hardened thanks to fat and different substances accumulating into a plaque wherever the coronary artery is injured (atherosclerosis).

Coronary artery sickness develops once the most important blood vessels that offer your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients (coronary arteries) become damaged or diseased.

Cholesterol-containing deposits (plaque) in your arteries and inflammation ar sometimes responsible for arteria coronaria sickness.

 

This can cause your heart to become weak and fail abnormally.

  • Over time, it can lead to heart failure.
  • Chest pain, shortness of breath,

Symptoms

  • common symptom of CAD could be a type of chest pain known as angina.
  • Angina may feel like tightness, heaviness, or pressure in your chest.
  • It may involve AN aching, burning,
  • It can also feel like fullness or squeezing.
  • Chest pain (angina).
  • You can feel pressure or tightness in your chest, as if someone were standing on your chest.
  • This pain, mentioned as angina, usually occurs on the middle or left side of the chest.
  • Angina is usually triggered by physical or emotional stress.
  • The pain sometimes goes away among minutes once stopping the stressful activity.
  • In some folks, particularly girls, this pain may be fleeting or sharp and felt in the neck, arm or back.
  • Shortness of breath. If your heart cannot pump enough blood to fulfill your body's desires, you may develop shortness of breath or extreme fatigue with exertion.
  • Heart attack. A completely blocked arterial blood vessel can cause a heart attack.

 

 


Dilated cardiomyopathy

Overview

Cardiomyopathy could be a sickness of the guts muscle that creates it tougher for your heart to pump blood to the remainder of your body.

Cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure. The main forms of cardiomyopathy embody expanded, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Treatment — which could include medications, surgically ingrained devices or, in severe cases, a heart transplant — depends on which sort of cardiomyopathy you've got and the way serious it's.

 

Symptoms

Symptoms of DCM will happen at any age and will include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of your legs
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Fainting
  • Palpitations (fluttering within the chest thanks to abnormal heart rhythms)
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Blood clots within the expanded ventricle thanks to pooling of the blood.
  • If a blood breaks off, it can lodge in an artery and disrupt blood flow to the brain, causing a stroke.
  • A clot may block blood flow to the organs within the abdomen or legs.
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Sudden death


Endocarditis

Endocarditis

Endocarditis is an infection of the endocardium, that is that the inner lining of your heart chambers and heart valves.

Endocarditis typically happens once bacterium, fungi or different germs from another a part of your body, like your mouth, unfold through your blood and connect to broken areas in your heart.

If it is not treated quickly, endocarditis will injury or destroy your heart valves and might cause serious complications. Treatments for endocarditis embody antibiotics and, in sure cases, surgery.

Since there ar some ways to develop carditis, your doctor won't be ready to pinpoint the precise reason for your condition.

However, folks at greatest risk of endocarditis typically have broken heart valves, implant valves or different heart defects.

 

Symptoms

Common signs and symptoms of endocarditis include:

  • Flu-like symptoms, such as fever and chills
  • A new or changed heart murmur, which is the heart sounds made by blood rushing through your heart
  • Fatigue
  • Aching joints and muscles
  • Night sweats
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain when you breathe
  • Swelling in your feet, legs or abdomen

 


Enlarged heart

Overview

An enlarged heart (cardiomegaly) is not a sickness, however rather a symbol of another condition.
The term "cardiomegaly" refers to an enlarged heart seen on any imaging check, together with a chest X-ray. Other tests are then needed to diagnose the condition causing your enlarged heart.
You may develop an enlarged heart quickly thanks to a stress on your body, like physiological condition, or because of a medical condition, such as the weakening of the heart muscle, coronary artery illness, heart valve issues or abnormal heart rhythms.
Certain conditions could cause the center muscle to thicken or one in all the chambers of the heart to dilate, creating the heart larger.
Depending on the condition, an enlarged heart may be short term or permanent. An enlarged heart is also treatable by correcting the cause. Treatment for an enlarged heart will embody medications, medical procedures or surgery.

Symptoms


•    In some human, an enlarged heart causes no signs or symptoms.
•    Others may have these signs and symptoms:
•    Shortness of breath
•    Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
•    Swelling (edema)


 


Heart disease

Overview

Heart disease is a variety of conditions that have an effect on your heart.

Diseases below  umbrella embody vessel diseases, like Heart disease; heart rhythm issues (arrhythmias); and heart defects  are congenital heart defects among others.

The term "heart illness" is usually used interchangeably with the term "cardiovascular disease." Heart disease usually refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that may result in a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.

Other heart conditions, like those who have an effect on your heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, are also thought-about kinds of heart disease.

 

Symptoms

  • Symptoms of heart condition in your blood vessels (atherosclerotic disease) Cardiovascular disease symptoms could also be completely different for men and ladies.
  • For instance, men ar additional seemingly to own chest pain; girls ar a lot of seemingly to own alternative symptoms together with chest discomfort, like shortness of breath, nausea and extreme fatigue.
  • Chest pain, tightness, pressure and discomfort (angina)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in  legs and arms if the blood vessels in those elements of  body ar narrowed
  • Pain within the neck, jaw, throat, higher abdomen or back


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) could be a disease during which the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes abnormally thick (hypertrophied). The thickened heart muscle will build it more durable for the center to pump blood.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy typically goes unknown as a result of many human with the sickness have few, if any, symptoms and may lead traditional lives with no important issues.

However, during a little variety of human with HCM, the thickened heart muscle will cause shortness of breath, pain or issues within the heart's electrical system, leading to life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias).

 

Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath, especially during exercise
  • Chest pain, especially during exercise
  • Fainting, particularly throughout or simply once exercise or exertion
  • Sensation of rapid, fluttering or pounding heartbeats (palpitations)

Heart murmur, that a doctor would possibly notice


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