Ankylosing spondylitis


Ankylosing spondylitis is associate degree disease that, over time, will cause a number of the vertebrae in your spine to fuse.

This fusing makes the spine less versatile and may end in a hunched-forward posture.

If ribs square measure affected, it is troublesome to breathe deeply.

Ankylosing spondylitis affects men more often than women. Signs and symptoms typically begin in early adulthood.

Inflammation can also occur in different elements of your body — most ordinarily, your eyes.



  • Early signs and symptoms of autoimmune disease would possibly embrace pain and stiffness in your lower back and hips, particularly within the morning and once periods of inactivity.

  • Neck pain and fatigue also are common.

  • Over time, symptoms would possibly worsen, improve or stop at irregular intervals.

  • The areas most commonly affected are:

  • The joint between the bottom of your spine and your pelvis (sacroiliac)

  • The vertebrae in your lower back

  • The places wherever your tendons and ligaments attach to bones (entheses), principally in your spine, however typically on the rear of your heel




Arthritis is a common condition that affects joints and bones (especially the knees, elbows, wrists, and ankle). The symptoms of arthritis usually appear gradually or sometimes may appear suddenly. The signs and symptoms include joint pain and stiffness, swelling of the joints, decrease in range of motion of joints, or redness of the skin around the joint.

There are different causes depending on the type of arthritis. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Risk factors for arthritis include family history, old age, previous joint injury, obesity, smoking etc.

The main goal of treatment is to reduce pain, prevent any additional damage to the joints and improve joint mobility. Management includes the use of medications, surgery, weight management and exercises.


Signs of Arthritis

• Joint enlarges or swells• Joint pain
• Stiffness, often in the morning
• Limited use of joint
• Warmth around joint
• Redness of the skin around joint alternative signs could occur with rheumatism.




Back pain


Back pain is one of the most common pain complaints that almost everyone has had at some point in their lives. This pain is felt in the back of the body, stretching from the shoulders to the hips.

Back pain can be either acute or chronic. When pain strikes suddenly and lasts for a few days, it is referred to as "acute." Symptoms are typically sudden and transient. Chronic back pain lasts for more than three months and returns regularly, making daily activities difficult.

Increasing age is a significant risk factor for back pain. Factors like injuries, inactive lifestyle, poor posture, illness, strains, injuries, and fractures can contribute to back pain.

It can be prevented by lifestyle modifications, like being physically active, losing excess body weight, maintaining good posture, managing stress, and getting adequate good quality sleep.

Most cases of back pain can be managed by over the counter medications and topical ointments. However, in case of chronic back pain, it is important to seek medical treatment to avoid long-term complications.



Signs and symptoms of back pain can include:

  • Muscle ache
  • Shooting or stabbing pain
  • Pain that radiates down your leg
  • Pain that worsens with bending, lifting, standing or walking
  • Pain that improves with reclining




Bone and Health

Bone and Health

Bones play several roles within the body — providing structure, protective organs, anchoring muscles and storing atomic number 20.

While it is vital to make robust and healthy bones throughout childhood and adolescence, you'll take steps throughout adulthood to guard bone health, too.


Why is bone health important?

Your bones unendingly ever-changing — new bone is formed and recent bone is de-escalated.

When you are young, your body makes new bone quicker than it breaks down recent bone, and your bone mass increases.   Most people reach their peak bone mass around age thirty.  After that, bone transforming continues, however you lose slightly a lot of bone mass than you gain.



The amount of calcium in your diet.

A diet low in atomic number 20 contributes to diminished bone density, early bone loss Associate in Nursingd an magnified risk of fractures.

People who ar physically inactive have the next risk of pathology than do their more-active counterparts. Tobacco and alcohol use. suggests that tobacco use contributes to weak bones.

Similarly, often having quite one alcoholic drink on a daily basis for girls or 2 alcoholic drinks on a daily basis for men could increase the chance of pathology.


Gender. you are at bigger risk of pathology if you are a lady, as a result of ladies have less bone tissue than do men.

Size. you are in danger if you're very skinny (with a body mass index of nineteen or less) or have a little body frame as a result of you would possibly have less bone

Age. Your bones become weaker as you Old age.




Chest Pain


 don't avoid contiuous chest pain  it can be main cause of Chest pain muscle pain, Gas & acidity, liver problem .  seems in several forms, starting from a pointy stab to a uninteresting ache.

Sometimes chest pain feels crushing or burning.  In range cases, the pain travels up the neck, into the jaw, so radiates to the rear or down one or each arms.


Many different problems can cause chest pain.

The most critical causes involve the guts or lungs.

Because pain will indicate a significant downside, it is vital to hunt immediate medical facilitate.

Chest pain is discomfort or pain anyplace from an individual's neck to the higher a part of the abdomen.  The comfort or pain may be described as: Tightness, Squeezing, Crushing, Tearing.


chest pressure or tightness,

Pain in jaw, or arm pain,



shortness of breath,

abdominal pain,

Gas & pain during exertion,



Diffuse Idiopathic

What is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis

Diffuse upset skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) may be a kind of inflammatory disease that affects tendons and ligaments, primarily around your spine.

These bands of tissue will become hardened (calcified) and type growths known as bone spurs wherever they connect with your bones.


Diffuse upset skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is taken into account a type of chronic arthritis or degenerative joint disease.

However, DISH is characterised by distinctive, flowing calcification on the perimeters of the contiguous vertebrae of the spine.

And, terribly in contrast to typical degenerative joint disease, it is also unremarkably related to inflammation (tendinitis) and calcification of tendons at their attachment’s points to bone.

This can result in the formation of bone spurs, like heel spurs. In fact, heel spurs common among people with DISH.

DISH has also been called Forestier's disease.


Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Symptoms

  • Many people with DISH don’t have symptoms. When symptoms occur, they may include:

  • Stiffness that’s usually worse in the morning

  • Pain, especially in your neck or upper back (cervical or thoracic spine)

  • Limited range of motion in your back

  • Hoarseness or trouble swallowing when nerves in your neck are compressed

  • Tingling or numbness in your legs from compressed nerves in your lower back

  • Possible paralysis from a compressed spinal cord




Fibromyalgia Pain


Fibromyalgia may be a disorder characterised by widespread system pain in the middle of fatigue, sleep, memory and mood problems.

Researchers believe that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by poignant the means your brain processes pain signals.

Symptoms typically begin when a physical trauma, surgery, infection or important psychological stress.  In different cases, symptoms step by step accumulate over time with no single triggering event.  Women ar a lot of seemingly to develop fibromyalgia than ar men.

Many people World Health Organization have fibromyalgia even have tension headaches, synovial joint (TMJ) disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety and depression.



Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

  • Widespread pain.
  • The pain related to fibromyalgia usually is represented as a continuing uninteresting ache that has lasted for a minimum of 3 months.
  • To be thought-about widespread, the pain should occur on each side of your body and on top of and below your waist.
  • Fatigue. individuals with fibromyalgia usually awaken tired, even supposing they report sleeping for long periods of your time.
  • Sleep is usually discontinuous by pain, and lots of patients with fibromyalgia produce other sleep disorders, such as restless legs syndrome and sleep.
  • Cognitive difficulties.





Filariasis is Associate in Nursing infectious tropical illness caused by anyone of many thread-like parasitic spherical worms.
The two species of worms most frequently related to this sickness ar Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi.

The larval type of the parasite transmits the illness to humans by the bite of a dipterous insect.
In the early stages of the infection, the patient characteristically complains of fever, chills, headaches and skin lesions. Any one of several antiparasitic agents may be effective in eliminating the worm.

Symptoms of Filariasis

Bancroftian Filariasis
Filarial Elephantiasis
Filariasis Malayi
Malayi Tropical Eosinphilia