Bruxism may be a condition during which you grind, grind or clench your teeth.

If you have got action, you will unconsciously clench your teeth once you are awake (awake bruxism) or clench or grind them throughout sleep (sleep bruxism). Sleep bruxism is considered a sleep-related movement disorder.

People who clench or grind their teeth (brux) throughout sleep area unit a lot of possible to possess alternative sleep disorders, like snoring and pauses in respiration (sleep apnea). Mild bruxism may not require treatment.

However, in some human, action are often frequent and severe enough to guide to jaw disorders, headaches, broken teeth and different issues.


Because you'll have sleep action and be unaware of it till complications develop, it is important to understand the signs and symptoms of action and to hunt regular attention.




  • Teeth grinding or clenching, which can be loud enough to get up your sleep partner
  • Teeth that are flattened, fractured, chipped or loose
  • Worn enamel, exposing deeper layers of your tooth
  • Increased tooth pain or sensitivity
  • Tired or tight jaw muscles, or a secured jaw that will not open or shut fully
  • Jaw, neck or face pain or soreness
  • Pain that feels like an earache, though it's actually not a problem with your ear
  • Dull headache starting in the temples
  • Damage from chew on the within of your cheek
  • Sleep disruption




Dental Calculus

What is calculus


Dental calculus is caused by a buildup of bacterial plaque, that forms when you eat. The sugars and carbohydrates in food cause the bacteria in your mouth to supply an acid that attacks your teeth.

You may not be able to see dental plaque, however you'll be able to feel it -- it creates a pasty film that not only leaves a bad style in your mouth, but also causes many dental problems!

Calculus, or tartar, is a hard calcified material. It is formed on teeth by a buildup of the minerals in saliva mixed with the bacteria of dental plaque. While it will type anyplace on the teeth, it is most common where saliva enters the mouth.

Consequently, it can usually be seen on the outer surface of the upper molar teeth and the inner surfaces of the lower front teeth. Almost everyone has a point of plaque gift on their teeth.

However, once calculus has shaped, you'll be able to not take away it reception. It can only be removed by a practiced dental professional.




Swollen or puffy gums.

Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums.

Gums that feel tender when touched.

Gums that bleed easily.

Gums that retreat from your teeth (recede), creating your teeth look longer than traditional.

New spaces developing between your teeth.



Dentin Hypersensitivity




Dentin hypersensitivity is an oral condition characterised by sharp pain within the affected tooth or teeth.

It occurs when the dentin gets exposed to the stimuli. It typically responds to thermal, evaporative, tactile, or chemical stimuli. It might impact one or many teeth or a selected space of the cavity.

It is reported more in females than males. It majorly impacts canines, premolars of both arches and buccal aspect of cervical area.

Also termed as “common cold of dentistry” and “toothbrush disease”, its prevalence peaks among the age group of twenty to forty years, since diet and private habits ar additional likely to be unmonitored during this phase of life.




Dental Plaque



Dental plaque is the sticky, colorlessfilm of bacteria which builds up on the teeth and along the gum line.

Formation of plaque is common thanks to the constant interaction of the teeth with the bacteria and food within the mouth.

However, if dental plaque is not removed on a regular basis by brushing and flossing, it can turn into a harder substance called tartar. This will increase the chance of dental issues like cavities or holes and gum illness.


Symptoms of gum disease include:


Dental plaque offers a fuzzy feel of the teeth once touched with the tongue.

In the more advanced stages it can appear as a white, grayish or yellowish coating on the teeth.









Gingivitis is an infection that's an early sign of gum illness. It happens once plaque builds up between the teeth and gums.

Plaque is a layer that sticks to your teeth from food, germs and mucus. Over time this build up will result in infection of the gums.

The gums usually don't hurt with gingivitis, but treatment is very important.

Gingivitis is a lot of common in people that don't brush or floss their teeth usually. If it's not treated, the infection will happen again and may cause serious gum disease or tooth loss.




• Red and swollen gums

• Gums that bleed simply after you brush or floss

• Gums that are tender when touched

• Receding gums







Periodontal (gum) illness is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in situ.

It's usually caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that enable plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build au courant the teeth and harden.

In advanced stages, disease will cause sore, bleeding gums; painful chew problems; and even tooth loss.


Symptoms of gum disease include:


  • Bad breath that won’t go away
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth





What is hyperdontia


Hyperdontia may be a condition that causes too more teeth to grow in your mouth. These extra teeth are sometimes called supernumerary teeth.

They can grow anyplace within the incurvate areas wherever teeth attach to your jaw. This area is known as the dental arches.

The twenty teeth that grow in once you’re a baby area unit called primary, or deciduous, teeth. The thirty two adult teeth that replace them area unit known as permanent teeth.

You can have additional primary or permanent teeth with hyperdontia, however extra primary teeth area unit a lot of common.


symptoms of hyperdontia


  • These teeth usually appear in adults.
  • They’re doubly as common in men than they're in girls.
  • Extra teeth area unit categorised supported their form or location within the mouth
  • Shapes of extra teeth include:
  • Supplemental. The tooth is formed equally to the kind of tooth that it grows close to.
  • Tuberculate. The tooth features a tube or barrel-like form.
  • Compound odontoma.
  • The tooth is created from many little, tooth-like growths close to one another.
  • Complex odontoma.
  • Rather than one tooth, a part of tooth-like tissue grows during a disordered cluster.
  • Conical, or peg-shaped.
  • The tooth is wide at the bottom and narrows out close to the highest, creating it act.





Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue damages bone that supports teeth. Periodontitis will cause teeth to loosen or cause tooth loss.

Periodontitis is common but largely preventable. It's usually the result of poor oral hygiene.

Brushing a minimum of doubly on a daily basis, flossing daily and getting regular dental check ups can greatly improve your chances of successful treatment for periodontitis and can also reduce your chance of developing it.





  • Healthy gums are firm and pale pink and match snuggly around teeth.
  • Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:
  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums
  • Gums that feel tender when touched
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Gums that retreat from your teeth (recede), making your teeth look longer than normal
  • New spaces developing between your teeth
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful chewing
  • A modification within the means your teeth match along once you bite