Cerebral palsy

Overview

 

Cerebral palsy may be a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that's caused by injury that happens to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth.

In general, brain disorder due to impaired  related to abnormal reflexes, floppiness or rigidity of the limbs or trunk, abnormal posture, involuntary movements,

People with brain disorder could have issues swallowing and usually have muscle imbalance, in which the eyes don't focus on the same object.

People with brain disorder also could suffer reduced vary of motion at varied joints of their bodies thanks to muscle stiffness.

 

Symptoms

 

Movement and coordination issues related to brain disorder could include:

  • Variations in tonus, such as being either too stiff or too floppy
  • Stiff muscles and exaggerated reflexes (spasticity)
  • Stiff muscles with normal reflexes (rigidity)
  • Lack of muscle coordination (ataxia)
  • Tremors or involuntary movements
  • Slow, writhing movements (athetosis)
  • Excessive drooling or problems with swallowing
  • Difficulty with sucking or eating
  • Delays in speech development or difficulty speaking
  • Problem  with precise motions, like picking up a crayon or spoon
  • Seizures

 

 

Medicine

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Overview

 

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) could be a complicated disorder characterised by extreme fatigue that cannot be explained by any underlying medical condition.

The fatigue might worsen with physical or mental activity, however does not improve with rest.

The reason for chronic fatigue syndrome is unknown, though there are several theories — starting from infective agent infections to psychological stress.

Some consultants believe chronic fatigue syndrome can be triggered by a mix of things.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of memory or concentration
  • Sore throat
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in your neck or armpits
  • Unexplained muscle or joint pain
  • Headaches
  • Unrefreshing sleep
  • Extreme exhaustion lasting quite twenty four hours when physical or mental exercise.

 

 

Medicine

coma

Overview

 

A coma could be a state of prolonged unconsciousness that may be caused by a spread of issues — traumatic head injury, stroke, tumor, drug or alcohol intoxication, or even an underlying health problem, like diabetes or an infection.

A coma is a medical emergency. Swift action is required to preserve life and brain perform. Doctors usually order battery of blood tests and a brain CT scan to undertake to see what is inflicting the coma so correct treatment will begin.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Closed eyes
  • Depressed brain-stem reflexes, like pupils not responding to lightweight
  • No responses of limbs, except for reflex movements
  • No response to painful stimuli, aside from reflex movements
  • Irregular breathing

 

 

Medicine

concussion

Overview

 

A concussion could be a traumatic brain injury that affects your brain perform. Effects are typically temporary however will include headaches and issues with concentration, memory, balance and coordination.

Concussions are  due to by a blow to the head.Violently shaking the head and higher body can also cause concussions. Some concussions cause you to lose consciousness, however most don't. It's doable to possess a concussion and not understand it.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Headache or a sense of pressure within the head
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Confusion or feeling as if in a fog
  • Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Delayed response to questions
  • Appearing dazed

 

 

Medicine

Degenerative

Degenerative

 

Degenerative disc disease most commonly occurs in the cervical spine (neck) or the lumbar spine (lower back), Degenerative disc disease is an age-related condition that happens

when one or more of the discs between vertebrae of the spine structure deteriorates or breaks down, leading to pain.There may be weakness, numbness, and pain that radiates down the leg.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Disc degeneration could cause no symptoms, or the pain is also thus intense that the individual cannot continue with their daily activities.
  • The condition starts with injury to the spine, however in time, symptoms will have an effect on alternative elements of the body.
  • Symptoms usually get worse with age.
  • The discomfort can range from mild to severe and debilitating. It can lead to osteoarthritis, with pain and stiffness in the back.
  • If the damage is in the lower back, or lumbar spine, the discomfort may radiate to the buttocks and upper thighs. There may also be tingling, numbness, or both, in the legs or feet.
  • If the damage is in the neck area, or cervical spine, the pain may spread to the shoulder, arm, and hand.

 

 

Medicine

Delirium

Overview

 

Is a serious disturbance in mental skills that ends up in confused thinking and reduced awareness of the surroundings.

The start of delirium is sometimes fast — within hours or a number of days.

Delirium will typically be copied to 1 or a lot of contributory factors, like a severe or chronic sickness, changes in metabolic balance (such as low sodium), medication, infection, surgery, or alcohol or drug intoxication or withdrawal.

 

Symptoms

 

  • An inability to remain targeted on a subject or to change topics
  • Getting stuck on a plan instead of responding to queries or oral communication
  • Being easily distracted by unimportant things
  • Poor memory, particularly of recent events
  • Disorientation — for instance, not knowing wherever you're or who you're
  • Difficulty speaking or recalling words
  • Rambling or nonsense speech
  • Trouble understanding speech

 

 

Medicine

Dementia

Overview

 

Dementia isn't a specific disease. Instead, dementedness describes a group of symptoms moving memory, thinking and social skills severely enough to interfere with daily functioning.

Though dementedness typically involves blackout, blackout has different causes. So blackout alone doesn't suggest you have got dementia.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Memory loss, that is usually noticed by a relation or some other person
  • Difficulty communicating or finding words
  • Difficulty reasoning or problem-solving
  • Difficulty handling complex tasks
  • Difficulty with planning and organizing
  • Difficulty with coordination and motor functions
  • Confusion and disorientation

 

 

Medicine

Domestic violence

Overview

 

Many victims of domestic violence may qualify for a mental health diagnosis, such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

The longer force happens for, the more likely a victim will qualify for a mental disorder diagnosis as its negative effects continue to grow.

Few victims commence od a force situation emotionally (or physically) unharmed.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Agitation, anxiety and chronic apprehension
  • Constant state of alertness that creates it tough for them to relax or slee
  • A sense of despair, helplessness or despair because the victim believes they will never escape the control of their abuser
  • Fear that one cannot shield oneself or one’s kids.
  • This person can turn down the help offered by relatives, friends or professionals
  • Feeling paralytic by worry to form choices or shield oneself
  • A belief that one deserves the abuse and responsible for the abuse
  • Flashbacks, recurrent thoughts and memories of the violence and nightmares of the violence
  • Emotional reactions to reminders of domestic violence

 

 

Medicine

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