Geriatric depression



Geriatric depression may be a mental and affective disorder moving older adults. Feelings of unhappiness and occasional “blue” moods ar traditional.

However, lasting depression isn't a typical a part of aging. Older adults ar a lot of seemingly to suffer from subsyndromal depression.

This type of depression doesn’t always meet the complete criteria for major depression. However, it can lead to major depression if left untreated.




  • sadness
  • feelings of worthlessness or helpless
  • irritability
  • fatigue
  • crying spells
  • apathy
  • restlessness
  • sleep problems
  • physical aches and pains
  • Pacing or fidgeting
  • Difficulty concentrating







A headache is usually a diffuse, delicate to moderate pain in your head that is usually delineate as feeling sort of a tight band around your head.

A headache (tension-type headache) is that the most common form of headache, and however its causes are not well-understood.

Treatments for tension headaches are available. Managing a tension headache is often a balance between fostering healthy habits, finding effective nondrug treatments and using medications appropriately.




  • Dull,
  • aching head pain.
  • Sensation of tightness or pressure across your forehead
  • Tenderness on your scalp, neck and shoulder muscles.







Hydrocephalus is that the buildup of fluid within the cavities (ventricles) deep at intervals the brain.

The excess fluid will increase the scale of the ventricles and puts pressure on the brain.

The name means “water on the brain.” Cerebrospinal fluid normally flows through the ventricles and bathes the brain and spinal column.

But the pressure of too much liquid body substance related to hydrocephaly will harm brain tissues and cause a spread of impairments in brain perform.




  • An unusually large head
  • A fast increase within the size of the head
  • A bulging or tense soft spot (fontanel) on the highest of the head
  • Poor growth
  • Poor feeding
  • Seizures
  • Eyes fixed downward (sunsetting of the eyes)
  • Deficits in muscle tone and strength
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Nausea or vomiting




Ischemic stroke



A stroke is a medical emergency. There are two types - ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic stroke is the most common type.

It is sometimes caused by a blood that blocks or plugs a vas within the brain. This keeps blood from flowing to the brain. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. Another cause is stenosis, or narrowing of the artery.

This can happen due to coronary artery disease, a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries.

Transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) occur once the blood offer to the brain is interrupted in brief. Having a ischemia will mean you're in danger for having a a lot of serious stroke.


Symptoms of Ischemic


  • Sudden symptom or weakness of your face, arm, or leg, usually on one aspect of the body
  • Confusion
  • Problems speaking or understanding others
  • Dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, or hassle walking
  • Vision loss or double vision
  • Brain damage






Hysteria is also a defence mechanism to avoid painful emotions by unconsciously transferring this distress to the body.

Hysteria could be a mental and upset arising from intense anxiety.

It is characterised by a lack of control over acts and emotions and by sudden conclusive seizures and emotional outbursts. It often results from repressed mental conflict.

This disorder seems in each sexes, however is way a lot of common in young ladies of the age group between fourteen and twenty five years thanks to their natural sensitivity. In many cases it tends to occur.


Signs and Symptoms of Hysteria


  • Headache
  • Suffocation
  • Neck and the jugular veins get swollen
  • Palpitation
  • Unconsciousness
  • Extremely fast heart beat
  • Violent movements
  • Clenched teeth


Kawasaki disease



Kawasaki disease causes inflammation within the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body. It primarily affects children.

The inflammation tends to have an effect on the coronary arteries, that offer blood to the heart muscle.

Kawasaki disease is usually referred to as membrane node syndrome because it conjointly affects body fluid nodes, skin, and the secretion membranes within the mouth, nose and throat. and most often affects kids under age 5.


Signs and Symptoms


  • severe redness in the eyes,
  • a rash on the stomach,
  • chest, and genitals,
  • red, dry,
  • cracked lipsswollen tongue with a white coating and massive red bumps (called "strawberry tongue"), sore, irritated throat,
  • swollen palms of the hands and soles of the feet with a purple-red color,
  • swollen lymph nodes.






Meningitisa is inflammation of the fluid that surrounds the brain and neural structure.
It is generally caused by a microorganism (most common) or bacterial infection, the latter of that is considerably a lot of serious and may be fatal if untreated.
Meningitis causes a headache, stiff neck, and fever, among different symptoms.



2 headache, 
3 vomiting,
 4 diarrhoea,
 5 muscle pain, 
6 stomach cramps, 
6 fever with cold hands and feet.




Mental Retardation



Mental Retardation, If your child has an intellectual disability (ID), their brain doesn’t develop properly.

Their brain may not perform at intervals the normal vary of each intellectual and adaptative functioning.

In the past, medical professionals known as this condition “mental retardation.”.

People with intellectual disabilities will and do learn new skills, however they learn them more slowly. There area unit varying degrees of intellectual disability, from gentle to profound.


Symptoms :-


  • failure to meet intellectual standards
  • sitting, crawling, or walking later than other children
  • problems learning to talk or trouble speaking clearly
  • memory problems
  • inability to understand the consequences of actions
  • inability to think logically
  • childish behavior inconsistent with the child’s age
  • lack of curiosity
  • learning difficulties
  • IQ below 70