Down syndrome

Down syndrome

 

Down syndrome could be a genetic disease and also the commonest autosomal body abnormality in humans, These further genes and DNA cause changes in development of the embryo and craniate ensuing in physical and mental abnormalities. Each patient is exclusive and there are often nice variability within the severity of symptoms.

 

Symptoms

 

  • There are a small head and short neck,
  • A flat face, and upward slanting eyes,
  • Ears are flat and positioned lower than “normal,”
  • Hands tend to be wide, with short fingers and there is just a single flexion crease in the palm, and
  • Joints tend to be a lot of versatile and muscles could lack tone.
  • There are a small head and short neck,
  • A flat face, and upward slanting eyes,
  • The tongue protrudes and looks to be large for the mouth,

 

 

Medicine

Encephalitis

Overview

 

Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. There are several causes, but the most common is viral infection Encephalitis often causes only mild flu-like signs and symptoms — such as a fever or headache — or no symptoms at all. Sometimes the flu-like symptoms are more severe. Encephalitis also can cause confused thinking, seizures, or problems with senses or movement.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Fever
  • Drowsiness, lethargy, and possibly coma
  • Headaches
  • Personality changes, irritability, or emotional outbursts
  • Confusion
  • Weakness in one or additional areas of the body
  • Seizures
  • Bulging soft spots in infants

 

 

Medicine

Encephalopathy definition

Overview

 

Encephalopathy could be a term which means brain disease, damage, or malfunction.

Encephalopathy will gift a awfully broad spectrum of symptoms that vary from delicate, like some memory loss or refined temperament changes, to severe, like dementia, seizures, coma, or death.

In general, brain disorder is manifested by an altered mental state that's typically among physical manifestations (for example, poor coordination of limb movements).

 

symptoms of encephalopathy

 

  • lethargy,
  • dementia,
  • seizures,
  • tremors,
  • muscle twitching and myalgia,
  • Cheyne-Stokes respirations (an altered breathing pattern seen with brain damage and coma), and
  • coma.

 

 

Medicine

Seizure/ epilepsy

Overview

 

Seizure known is epilepsy it  is a central nervous system  in which brain process becomes  abnormal, causing seizures and time of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.

Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.

Seizure symptoms can vary widely. Some human with brain disease simply stare without expression for a couple of seconds throughout a seizure, while others repeatedly twitch their arms or legs.

Having one seizure doesn't suggest you've got brain disease. At least 2 motiveless seizures are usually needed for an brain disease identification.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Because brain disease is caused by abnormal activity within the brain, seizures will have an effect on any method your brain coordinates.
  • Seizure signs and symptoms may include:
  • Temporary confusion
  • A staring spell
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness
  • Psychic symptoms such as fear, anxiety

 

 

Medicine

Exhaustion

Overview

Mental exhaustion can happen to anyone who experiences long-term stress. It can make you feel overwhelmed and emotionally drained, and make your responsibilities and problems seem impossible to overcome.

Feelings of detachment and apathy can wreak havoc on all aspects of your personal and work life.

 

Symptoms

 

  • body aches
  • chronic fatigue
  • changes in appetite
  • headaches
  • upset stomach
  • cynicism or pessimism
  • apathy (feeling of not caring)
  • detachment
  • anger
  • feelings of hopelessness
  • feeling of dread

 

Medicine

Geriatric depression

Overview

 

Geriatric depression may be a mental and affective disorder moving older adults. Feelings of unhappiness and occasional “blue” moods ar traditional.

However, lasting depression isn't a typical a part of aging. Older adults ar a lot of seemingly to suffer from subsyndromal depression.

This type of depression doesn’t always meet the complete criteria for major depression. However, it can lead to major depression if left untreated.

 

Symptoms

 

  • sadness
  • feelings of worthlessness or helpless
  • irritability
  • fatigue
  • crying spells
  • apathy
  • restlessness
  • sleep problems
  • physical aches and pains
  • Pacing or fidgeting
  • Difficulty concentrating

 

 

Medicine

Headache-

 

Overview

A headache is usually a diffuse, delicate to moderate pain in your head that is usually delineate as feeling sort of a tight band around your head.

A headache (tension-type headache) is that the most common form of headache, and however its causes are not well-understood.

Treatments for tension headaches are available. Managing a tension headache is often a balance between fostering healthy habits, finding effective nondrug treatments and using medications appropriately.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Dull,
  • aching head pain.
  • Sensation of tightness or pressure across your forehead
  • Tenderness on your scalp, neck and shoulder muscles.

 

 

Medicine

Huntington

Overview

 

Huntington's disease is associate inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells within the brain.

Huntington's disease includes a broad impact on a personality's useful abilities and typically leads to movement, thinking (cognitive) and psychiatric disorders.

When the illness develops before age twenty, the condition is named juvenile huntington's disease.

An earlier emergence of the sickness typically results in a somewhat totally different set of symptoms and quicker sickness progression.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Muscle problems, such as rigidity or muscle contracture (dystonia),
  • Slow or abnormal eye movements,
  • Impaired gait,
  • posture and balance, Loss of previously learned academic or physical skills,
  • Rapid, significant drop in overall school performance
  • Feelings of irritability,
  • sadness or apathy,
  • Social withdrawal,
  • Insomnia, Fatigue and loss of energy,

 

 

Medicine

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