Eye injuries

Overview

Eye injuries will vary from minor to too serious, leading to permanent loss of vision or loss of the eye.

Eye injuries will vary from comparatively trivial, like irritating the eye with shampoo, to very serious, leading to permanent loss of vision.

Eye injuries will occur in many settings; within the home, at work or once enjoying sports.

Treat all eye injuries as potential emergencies, and ne'er hesitate to contact or see an eye fixed doctor directly.

 

symptoms of common eye injuries.

• Severe pain

• Pinkness/redness

• Decreased visual acuity

• Conjunctivitis

• Light sensitivity

• Drainage

• Abnormal pH

• Eye surface abrasions

• Tearing

• Blurry vision

• Watery discharge

Irritation

 

Medicine

Eye Redness

Overview

There area unit several causes of a red eye or eyes. Some are medical emergencies. Others are a cause for concer Eye redness is often less of a concern than eye pain or vision problems.

Red eyes is the sign of a minor irritation or a significant medical condition, such as an infection. Bloodshot or red eyes occur once little blood vessels that ar gift on the surface of the eye become enlarged and engorged with blood.

This happens due to an insufficient amount of oxygen being supplied to the cornea or the tissues covering the eye.

Bloodshot eyes by themselves are usually not a reason to be too involved, however once as well as eye pain, abnormal drain, or impaired vision this could indicate a serious medical issue.

 

Symptoms

itchy eye

excess tear production

redness

discharge

light sensitivity

poor vision

gritty feeling in one or both eyes

 

 

Medicine

Far-sightedness

Overview

Farsightedness (hyperopia) could be a common vision condition within which you'll see distant objects clearly, however objects near is also blurred. The degree of your ametropia influences your focusing ability.

People with severe farsightedness might even see clearly only objects an excellent distance away, whereas those with gentle farsightedness is also ready to clearly see objects that ar nearer. such as print in a book.

More severe farsightedness would mostly cause issues with seeing objects within the distance clearly, Farsightedness sometimes is gift at birth and tends to run in families.

You can simply correct this condition with eyeglasses or contact lenses. Another treatment option .

Symptoms

Farsightedness may mean:

Nearby objects may appear blurry

You need to squint to see clearly

You have eyestrain, including burning eyes, and aching in or around the eyes

You expertise general eye discomfort or a headache once a protracted interval of conducting shut tasks, like reading, writing, laptop work or drawing

 

Medicine

Floaters

Overview 

Eye redness is most frequently because of swollen or expanded blood vessels. This makes the surface of the eye look red or unhealthy. Eye floaters are spots in your vision.

They may look to you wish black or gray specks, strings, or cobwebs that drift concerning after you move your eyes and seem to dart away after you strive to look at them directly.

Most eye floaters ar caused by age-related changes that occur because the jelly-like substance (vitreous) within your eyes becomes a lot of liquid.

Microscopic fibers inside the vitreous tend to clump and might forged little shadows on your retina. The shadows you see are called floaters.

If you notice a increment in eye floaters, contact an eye fixed specialist right away — particularly if you furthermore might see lightweight flashes or lose your vision. These will be symptoms of associate emergency that needs prompt attention.

 

Symptoms

Symptoms of eye floaters may include:

  • Small shapes in your vision that seem as dark specks or knobbly,
  • clear strings of floating material Spots that move after you move your eyes, thus after you try and check up on them,
  • they move quickly out of your field of vision Spots that area unit most noticeable after you check up on a clear bright background, like a wild blue yonder or a white wall Small shapes or strings that eventually relax and drift out of the road of vision

 

Medicine

Glaucoma

Overview 

Glaucoma is an eye disease that can cause vision loss or blindness. With glaucoma, fluid builds up in the eye, which puts pressure on the back of the eye. This pressure injures the optic nerve and causes vision loss. Side vision is often affected first, followed by front vision. 

Types of Glaucoma There are two main types of glaucoma:

• Open-angle glaucoma often has no signs until it reaches an advanced stage. The pressure slowly damages the optic nerve over time. This affects both eyes but you may have signs in one eye first.  

• Angle-closure glaucoma has a very fast rise in pressure and sudden signs. Permanent vision loss can occur within one day so it is very important to seek medical care right away. 

Signs Glaucoma may have no signs until there is vision loss.

• Blurred vision

• Halos around lights

• Loss of peripheral or side vision

• Tunnel vision

• Red eyes

• Severe eye pain

• Nausea and vomiting

 

Medicine

Keratitis

Overview

Keratitis is A swelling of the tissue layer — the clear,  tissue on the front of your eye that covers the pupil and iris.

Keratitis might or might not be related to an infection. Non infectious keratitis can be caused by a relatively minor injury, by wearing your contact lenses too long or by a foreign body in the eye.

Infectious keratitis may be caused by bacterium, viruses, fungi and parasites.  If you've got eye redness or different symptoms of keratitis, create an arrangement to check your doctor.

With prompt attention, gentle to moderate cases of keratitis will sometimes be effectively treated while not loss of vision.

If left untreated, or if an infection is painful, keratitis can lead to serious complications that may permanently damage your vision.

 

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of keratitis include:

  • Eye redness
  • Eye pain
  • Excess tears or other discharge from your eye
  • Difficulty gap your eyelid due to pain or irritation
  • Blurred vision
  • Decreased vision
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • A feeling that something is in your eye.

Medicine

Macula Degeneration

Overview

The macula is within the center of the tissue layer, the photosensitive layer of tissue at the rear of the eye.
The macula is chargeable for vision (straight-ahead vision).
Degeneration of the macula happens most frequently once the age of sixty years and is termed age-related macular generation (AMD).

Symptoms

Seeing floating specks or cobwebs
Blurred or distorted (straight lines look wavy) vision
Defects in the side vision
Lost vision

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Medicine

Near Sightedness

 Near-sightedness (myopia) Near-sightedness (myopia) could be a common vision condition within which you'll be able to see objects close to you clearly, however objects farther away square measure indistinct.

It happens once the form of your eye causes lightweight rays to bend (refract) incorrectly, focusing pictures before of your retina rather than on your retina. Nearsightedness could develop step by step or quickly, usually worsening throughout childhood and adolescence.

near-sightedness tends to run in families. A basic eye exam can confirm near sightedness. You can compensate for the blur with eyeglasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery.

Symptoms

  • Nearsightedness symptoms may include:
  • Blurry vision when looking at distant objects
  • The need to squint or partially close the eyelids to see clearly
  • Headaches caused by eyestrain
  • Difficulty seeing whereas driving a vehicle, particularly at nighttime (night myopia)

 

 

Medicine

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