Glomerulonephritis

Overview

 

Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the small filters in kidneys (glomeruli).

Brightness cut excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from bloodstream and pass them into urine. Glomerulonephritis will come back on suddenly (acute) or bit by bit (chronic).

Glomerulonephritis happens on its own or as a part of another unwellness, such as lupus or diabetes.

Severe or prolonged inflammation related to Bright's disease will harm your kidneys. Treatment depends on the sort of glomerulonephritis you have got.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis rely on whether or not you have got the acute or chronic type and therefore the cause.
  • Your 1st indication that one thing is wrong would possibly come back from symptoms or from the results of a routine chemical analysis.
  • Glomerulonephritis signs and symptoms include
  • cola-colored urine from red blood cells in  urine
  • urine due to excess protein (proteinuria)
  • High blood pressure
  • Fluid retention (edema) with swelling in face, hands, feet and abdomen

Medicine

Hematuria

 

Overview

Having blood in your urine (pee) may be a symptom that one thing is wrong along with your kidneys or another a part of your tract.

Urinary blood that is visible solely beneath a magnifier (microscopic hematuria) is found once your doctor tests your urine.

Either way, it is vital to work out the reason for the bleeding. If you'll see the blood in your urine, it is called gross hematuria.

If you can't see the blood in your urine while not observing it beneath a magnifier, it is called microscopic hematuria.

 

There are two types of hematuria

  • Seeing blood in your urine can be alarming.
  • While in several instances the cause is harmless, blood in urine (hematuria) can indicate a serious disorder.

 

Symptoms

 

  • You may not notice any symptoms if you have got microscopic symptom.
  • If you have got gross symptom, you may notice that your urine is pink, red or brown.
  • This happens as a result of the blood in your urine makes it a unique color.
  • If you have got gross symptom, you will also get blood clots in your urine, which may be painful.

 

 

Medicine

Interstitial Cystitis

Overview

Interstitial cystitis

Interstitial cystitis — also known as painful bladder syndrome — could be a chronic condition inflicting bladder pressure, bladder pain and generally girdle pain.

The pain ranges from mild discomfort to severe. Your bladder could be a hollow, muscular organ that stores excretion.

The bladder expands till it's full so signals your brain that it is time to urinate, communicating through the pelvic nerves.

This creates the urge to urinate for most people. With opening urinary tract infection, these signals get mixed up — you feel the need to urinate more often and with smaller volumes of urine than most people.

Interstitial urinary tract infection most frequently affects ladies and might have a lasting impact on quality of life. Although there is no cure, medications and other therapies may offer relief.

 

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of opening cystitis vary from person to person.

  • Interstitial cystitis signs and symptoms include:
  • Pain in your pelvis or between the duct and orifice in ladies
  • Pain between the pouch and orifice in men (perineum)
  • stress, exercise and sexual activity
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • A persistent, urgent need to urinate
  • Frequent urination, often of small amounts, throughout the day and night (up to 60 times a day)
  • Pain or discomfort whereas the bladder fills and relief once urinating.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.

Medicine

Interstitial Nephritis

What is interstitial nephritis?


Interstitial nephritis could be a kidney condition characterised by swelling in between the urinary organ tubules.

The main functions of your kidneys are to filter your blood and to get rid of waste from your body.

The kidney tubules reabsorb water and important organic substances from the filtered blood and secrete substances you don’t need into your urine for removal from your body. Swelling of these tubules can cause a number of kidney symptoms that range from mild to severe.
Interstitial nephropathy may be acute (sudden) or chronic (long term).

Symptoms of interstitial nephritis


In some cases, urine output may increase. At times, people can have no symptoms.
symptoms of interstitial nephritis include:
a fever

  • blood in the urine
  • exhaustion
  • confusion
  • fatigue
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • a rash
  • water retention
  • swelling
  • weight gain from water retention
  • feeling bloated
  • elevated blood pressure

 

Medicine

Kidney Failure

Overview

In most cases, kidney failure is caused by many types of health issues that have done permanent harm to kidneys very short time, over time. When your kidneys are damaged, they will not work similarly as they must.

If the harm to your kidneys continues to induce worse and your kidneys are less and fewer able to do their job, you have got chronic kidney disease.

Kidney failure is that the last (most severe) stage of chronic nephropathy.

This is why kidney failure|renal disorder|nephropathy|nephrosis|failure} is additionally known as end-stage urinary organ disease, or ESRD for brief.

 

Symptoms

  • tching
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Not feeling hungry
  • Swelling in your feet and ankles
  • Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine
  • Trouble catching your breath
  • Trouble sleeping

 

Medicine

Kidney Infection

 

Overview

 

Male urinary system Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) may be a type of tract infection (UTI) that typically begins in your urethra or bladder and travels to at least one or each of your kidneys.

A kidney infection requires prompt medical attention. If not treated properly, a kidney infection will for good injury your kidneys or the bacterium will unfold to your blood and cause a serious infection.Kidney infection is one in all

a number of infections that may involve the tract Infection of the kidney is incredibly common, particularly in young females.

Kidney infection treatment, that sometimes includes antibiotics, may need hospitalization.

 

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Back, side (flank) or groin pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Strong, persistent urge to urinate
  • Burning sensation or pain when urinating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pus or blood in your urine (hematuria)
  • Urine that smells bad or is cloudy

 

 

 

Medicine

Kidney Stones

Overview

 

Kidney stones (renal pathology, nephrolithiasis) are onerous deposits made from minerals and salts that type within your kidneys.

Kidney stones have more causes and may have an effect on any a part of your tract — from your kidneys to your bladder.

Often, stones type once the urine becomes focused, permitting minerals to crystallize and rest. Passing urinary organ stones is quite painful, however the stones typically cause no permanent harm if they are recognized in a very timely fashion.

Depending on your scenario, you'll want nothing quite to take pain medication and drink variant water to pass a kidney stone.

In alternative instances — as an example, if stones become lodged within the tract, are related to a urinary infection or cause complications — surgery could also be required.

 

Symptoms

  • Severe pain back, below the ribs
  • Pain lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain  comes in waves & fluctuates in an intensity
  • Pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent need to urinate
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Fever and chills if an infection is present
  • Urinating small amounts

 

Medicine

Lower Urinary Tract Infection

Overview

 

These are organisms that are too tiny to be seen while not a magnifier.

Most UTIs are caused by bacteria, but some are caused by fungi and in rare cases by viruses. UTIs are among the foremost common infections in humans

A tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any a part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.

Most infections involve the lower tract — the bladder and also the epithelial duct. A tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes.

Women are at bigger risk of developing a UTI than are men. Infection restricted to your bladder may be painful and annoying. However, serious consequences will occur if a UTI spreads to your kidneys.

 

Symptoms

 

  • persistent urge to urinate,
  • A burning in urinating,
  • Passing frequent, small unit of urine, Urine that appears cloudy,
  • Urine look that red, pink or cola-colored — a sign of blood in the urine,
  • very bed smelling urine,
  • Pelvic pain,
  • in women — especially in the center of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone,
  • pelvic pain in women,
  • rectal pain in men,

 

Medicine

keyboard_arrow_up