Prostatitis

Prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system, and it is a walnut-sized gland found in men that is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine and semen exit the body. Its main function is to produce seminal fluid in order to transport sperm through the urethra.

Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland, a walnut-sized gland situated directly below the bladder in men. The prostate gland produces fluid (semen) that nourishes and transports sperm.  Prostatitis affects men of all ages but tends to be more common in men 50 or younger. The condition has a number of causes. Sometimes the cause isn't identified. If prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection, it can usually be treated with antibiotics. 

Symptoms

Painful, difficult and/or frequent urinating

Blood in the urine

Groin painrectal painabdominal pain and/or low back pain

Fever and chills

Malaise and body aches

Urethral discharge

Painful ejaculation or sexual dysfunction

Medicine

Pyelonephritis

Overview

Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that generally begins in your urethra or bladder and travels to one or both of your kidneys.

A kidney infection requires prompt medical attention. If not treated properly, a kidney infection can permanently damage your kidneys or the bacteria can spread to your bloodstream and cause a life-threatening infection.

Kidney infection treatment, which usually includes antibiotics, might require hospitalization.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a kidney infection might include:

Fever,  Chills,  Back, side (flank) or groin pain,  Abdominal pain,  Frequent urination,  Strong, persistent urge to urinate,   Burning sensation or pain when urinating,   Nausea and vomiting         Pus or blood in your urine (hematuria),   Urine that smells bad or is cloudy,

 

 

 

Medicine

Pyuria

Pyuria is a urinary condition that is characterized by an elevated number of white blood cells in the urine.

Doctors define a high number as at least 10 white blood cells per cubic millimeter (mm3) of centrifuged urine. Pyuria can cause the urine to look cloudy or as if it contains pus.

The presence of pyuria often occurs in a urinary tract infection (UTI). In rare cases, it can be a sign of a complicated UTI or sepsis.

Sterile pyuria is a form of pyuria that occurs without a detected presence of bacteria. In these cases, it may be related to non-detected bacteria, a virus or other germ type, or some other underlying medical condition.

Symptoms 

Pyuria can cause cloudy urine and urine with pus that may not be accompanied by any other symptoms. The change in color or texture is due to the increased number of white blood cells.

 symptoms may also include:

blood in urine,  foul-smelling urine,  pelvic pain,  fever,   abdominal pain,  abnormal discharge

shortness of breath,  nausea or vomiting, 

Medicine

Renal tubular

 

Renal tubular acidosis refers to the electrolytic disturbances caused due to impaired excretion of renal Hydrogen ions or impaired bicarbonate resorption or abnormal production of aldosterone. This condition leads to a chronic metabolic acidosis with a gap in an anion. Usually, hyperchloremia or excess of chlorine in blood may be present. Other features may be with electrolytes of Potassium and Calcium. Chronic renal tubular acidosis is associated with damages of renal tubules in your kidneys. If ignored or not diagnosed at the right time, this condition may lead to chronic kidney diseases. 

Without treatment, RTA can affect a child's growth and cause kidney stones, fatigue, muscle weakness, and other symptoms. Over time, untreated acidosis can lead to long-term problems like bone disease, kidney disease, and kidney failure.

 

 

 

Symptoms  

Generally, renal tubular acidosis is asymptomatic, meaning that it causes no symptoms or signs. It is rare for a severe electrolyte imbalance to happen, but in case it does, your situation could be life-threatening. Some symptoms of renal tubular acidosis are:

Nephrolithiasis or Kidney stones

Nephrocalcinosis (Calcium deposits in kidney)

Electrolyte excretion

Extracellular fluid volume depletion

Muscle weakness

Hyporeflexia

Paralysis

Bone pain in adults

Rickets in children

Cardiac arrhythmia

 

 

Medicine

Spermatorrhea

Overview

Spermatorrhea is disease of the male reproductive system. Involuntary discharge of semen is spermatorrhea. It is the leakage of semen without orgasm or erection it can happen of night. Call it night fall.

 

 

Symptoms Spermatorrhea

Pain or discomfort in the affected testicle

Heaviness in the testicle with the spermatocele

Fullness behind and above the testicle

  • Pain.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Weakness.
  • Yin Deficiency.
  • Insomnia.
  • Enuresis.
  • Premature Ejaculation.
  • Heart Palpitation.

 

 

Medicine

Stress incontinence

Overview

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional loss of urine. Stress incontinence happens when physical movement or activity — such as coughing, sneezing, running or heavy lifting — puts pressure (stress) on your bladder. Stress incontinence is not related to psychological stress.

Stress incontinence differs from urge incontinence, which is the unintentional loss of urine caused by the bladder muscle contracting, usually associated with a sense of urgency. Stress incontinence is much more common in women than men.

If you have stress incontinence, you may feel embarrassed, isolate yourself, or limit your work and social life, especially exercise and leisure activities.  You  need take homeopathy With treatment, you'll likely be able to manage stress incontinence and improve your overall well-being.

Symptoms

If you have stress incontinence, you may experience urine leakage when you:

  • Cough
  • Sneeze
  • Laugh
  • Stand up
  • Get out of a car
  • Lift something heavy
  • Exercise
  • Have sex

 

Medicine

Urethritis

Urethritis is the inflammation and swelling of the urethra, the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. It leads to difficulty or pain when urinating.

Urethritis is usually caused by bacteria or a virus. A chemical irritant can also trigger it.

It is different from a urinary tract infection (UTI), which usually affects the whole of the urinary tract.

It can be transmitted through unprotected sex. If a woman has a vaginal infection, she can pass it on to a male partner.

Symptoms

 

Both men and women can develop urethritis, but the symptoms differ slightly. Some people have no symptoms.

For women, symptoms include:

  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic and abdominal pain
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Frequent or urgent urination
  • Fever and chills
  • Stomach pain
  • Itching

Symptoms in men include:

  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Penile discharge
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Itching, tenderness, or swelling in the penis
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the groin area

Fever is possible in men, but it is rare.

 

 

Medicine

Urinary Incontinence

Overview

Urinary incontinence — the loss of bladder control — is a common and often embarrassing problem. The severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having an urge to urinate that's so sudden and strong you don't get to a toilet in time.

Though it occurs more often as people get older, urinary incontinence isn't an inevitable consequence of aging. If urinary incontinence affects your daily activities, don't hesitate to see your doctor. For most people, simple lifestyle changes or medical treatment can ease discomfort or stop urinary incontinence.

Symptoms

Many people experience occasional, minor leaks of urine. Others may lose small to moderate amounts of urine more frequently.

  • Stress incontinence. Urine leaks when you exert pressure on your bladder by coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting something heavy.
  • Urge incontinence. You have a sudden, intense urge to urinate followed by an involuntary loss of urine. You may need to urinate often, including throughout the night. Urge incontinence may be caused by a minor condition, such as infection, or a more-severe condition such as a neurologic disorder or diabetes.
  • Overflow incontinence. You experience frequent or constant dribbling of urine due to a bladder that doesn't empty completely.
  • Functional incontinence. A physical or mental impairment keeps you from making it to the toilet in time. For example, if you have severe arthritis, you may not be able to unbutton your pants quickly enough.
  • Mixed incontinence. You experience more than one type of urinary incontinence.

 

 

 

Medicine

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